Rabbinic law as collected and organized into categories about 200 CE. It represented the culmination of the oral tradition of centuries. Worked out in Palestine, it became the basis of both the Palestinian and Babylonian Talmuds, which are commentaries on the Mishnah, and in which some modifications were made. The laws covered both religious and social and economic matters, and in total there are sixty-three tractates. The one most often referred to in NT commentaries is Pirqe Aboth for its light on Judaism of the NT period.

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  • MISHNAH — (Heb. מִשְׁנָה). The term mishnah is used in a number of different ways (see below), but when used as a proper noun ( the Mishnah ) it designates the collection of rabbinic traditions redacted by Rabbi judah ha nasi (usually called simply Rabbi ) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mishnah — Littérature rabbinique Littérature de Hazal Mishna • Tossefta Guemara • Talmud Talmud de Jérusalem Talmud de Babylone Traités mineurs Baraïta Midrash Halakha Baraïta de Rabbi Ishmaël Mekhilta deRabbi Ish …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mishnah — Rabbinic Literature Talmudic literature Mishnah • Tosefta Jerusalem Talmud • Babylonian Talmud Minor tractates Halakhic Midrash Mekhilta de Rabbi Yishmael (Exodus) Mekhilta de Rabbi Shimon (Exodus) Sifra (Leviticus) Sifre (Numbers Deuteronomy) …   Wikipedia

  • Mishnah — or Mishna noun Etymology: Hebrew mishnāh instruction, oral law Date: 1610 the collection of mostly halakic Jewish traditions compiled about A.D. 200 and made the basic part of the Talmud • Mishnaic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mishnah — Mishnaic /mish nay ik/, Mishnic, Mishnical, adj. Eng., Ashk. Heb. /mish neuh/; Seph. Heb. /meesh nah /, n., pl. Mishnayoth, Mishnayot, Mishnayos Eng., Ashk. Heb. /mish neuh yohs /; Seph. Heb. /meesh nah yawt /, Eng. Mishnahs. Judaism. 1 …   Universalium

  • Mishnah — Mish•nah or Mish•na [[t]ˈmɪʃ nə, mɪʃˈnɑ[/t]] n. pl. Mish•na•yoth, Mish•na•yot [[t]ˌmɪʃ nɑˈyɔt[/t]] Mish•nahs. Judaism. 1) jud the collection of oral laws compiled about a.d. 200 and forming the basic part of the Talmud 2) jud an article or… …   From formal English to slang

  • Mishnah — /ˈmɪʃnə/ (say mishnuh) noun (plural Mishnayoth /mɪʃnaˈjoʊθ/ (say mishnah yohth)) the collection of oral laws made by rabbi Judah ha Nasi (c. AD 135–c.220), which forms the basis of the Talmud. {Hebrew: repetition, study} …  

  • Mishnah Berurah — (Hebrew: Clarified Teaching‎, a reference to the portion in Deuteronomy where Israel is commanded to inscribe God s commandments in large clear writing on a mountainside) is a work of halakha (Jewish law) by Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan, better known …   Wikipedia

  • Mishnah — Mish|nah, the a collection of Jewish traditions that form the Jewish law, on which the Talmud is based …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Mishnah —    The written code produced in Palestine in the 2. century AD, based on the mass of biblical commentaries and legal rulings handed down orally …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

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